Muscular Dystrophy

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Muscular dystrophy is caused due to a number of medical conditions, amounting to severe lethargy and also a reduction in the body’s muscle mass. Mutated genes or genes which undergo sudden un expected changes, are the causative factors for muscular dystrophy as, these genes under normal conditions are responsible for synthesizing the proteins which essentially makes sure that the muscle fibers remain intact. With the progression of the condition, movements deteriorate further where in, the person has difficulty with various movements. In extreme cases, breathing and proper functioning of the heart is ultimately affected, leading to major complications ,there by endangering the patient’s life.

There are various kinds of muscular dystrophy and depending on the type, the symptoms range from mild to severe or, there could be a gradual progression in the condition, or there could be severe deterioration, which in due course could put the patient’s life at stake. Depending on the type of muscular dystrophy either, the symptoms start becoming evident in the early age itself or once they turn adults .Also different muscles are affected depending on the type of muscular dystrophy.

Early signs and symptoms
  • Unsteady style of walking
  • Muscles turning stiff with excruciating pain
  • Running and other movements becoming extremely painful
  • Frequently walking on tiptoes
  • Finding it difficult to sit or even stand erect
  • Developing certain learning disabilities especially delayed speech
  • Falls occurring occasionally
More pronounced symptoms after time lapse
  • Severe inability to walk
  • Movements restricted further due to the muscles and tendons undergoing a noticeable reduction lengthwise
  • Deteriorating breathing issues leading to external support system like ventilators to assist in breathing
  • Scoliosis or spinal curvature sets in as the weakened muscles find it hard to support the vertebral column
  • Weakening of the heart muscles resulting in complications of the heart or even cardiac issues
  • Difficulty with swallowing, leading to major aspiration risks, or pneumonia where by a nasal tube or Ryle’s tube may be needed for food intake
Rehabilitation For Muscular Dystrophy

Today every physician as well as the therapists are of the strong view that preserving and stretching the functioning of the patient to the maximum limit should be their ultimate goal. They should target the treatment in such a manner so as to inhibit or contain the deformity, make sure to extend ambulation without depending on external support, and ensuring that functional capabilities are well in place. For this to materialize, we at Allovedas assume a multidimensional approach towards comprehensive care, and give utmost priority to the complete requirements of the patient.

Our Neuro-Rehab team at Allovedas set important goals for the patient in concurrence with the patient and family members and formulate the most effective rehabilitation program to maximize the patient’s quality of life.

Rehabilitation Program At Allovedas
Inpatient rehabilitation (6hr of extensive rehab per day)
  • Therapeutic exercises mainly for arms and legs
  • Exercises for stretching out stiff and stubborn muscles
  • Exercises to strengthening muscles that are weak
  • Balance training for better coordination
  • Training to improve patient’s gait
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Training for better functional capacity
  • Occupational therapy
  • Music therapy for the patient
  • Instilling safety awareness in patient
  • Orthotic assessment and application
  • Techniques that are preventive in nature to help patient from unwanted falls
  • Clinical counseling for the patient as well as immediate family or caregivers
Outpatient rehabilitation program on an hourly basis
  • Regular therapeutic exercises for strengthening hands as well as legs
  • Specific exercises like stretching to loosen stiff and painful muscles
  • Exercises meant to strengthen muscles which are weak
  • Training to master better coordination of body
  • Training to improvise gait and posture
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Training to enhance functional skills
  • Occupational therapy
  • Music therapy
  • Safety awareness program for patient
  • Orthotic assessment as well as application
  • Preventive techniques to avoid falls
  • Clinical counseling for the patient