Post Operative Rehab


Post Operative rehab is a mandatory solution and also a long drawn out process, where in post surgery [which can be very stressful event for the patient], joint motion and muscle strength surrounding the joint as well as the joint’s movement is re established. Although the surgery in question takes only a few hours, the rehabilitation goes on for up to a maximum period of one year. Patients need to have this clarity in their mind, as far as the difference in time span for surgery and also rehabilitation is concerned.

The essence of rehabilitation is to strike an appropriate balance between performing the allocated exercise at the given time and also executing the right type and amount of exercise. During this period, either excess of rest or outdoor activity is not advisable. As time progresses, there is a variation in the balance between rest and activities performed outdoors, as the stimulation’s intensity level increases gradually.

Post operative rehabilitation comprises of three steps.

Stage One: This follows immediately after surgery, when body is completely immobilized and the recovery process sets in where- by there is reduction in post surgical pain as well as swelling. .

Stage Two: This is when the physical aspect of the therapy commences. The therapist in conjunction with the patient chalks out a plan for the patient, which involves physical exercises aimed at strengthening the patient’s body and also making sure that the patient regains mobility and stability as a whole.

Stage Three: Over a period of time, the patient is restored to a state of normalcy and they indulge in all their routines which they did prior to surgery. This happens to be the sole motto of post operative rehabilitation in general and physical therapy in particular.

The benefits of post operative rehabilitation.
  • Appropriate healing and quicker recovery timeframe
  • Regaining of mobility
  • Active involvement of patient
  • Improving circulation post surgery and avoiding clotting of blood
  • Improvising coordination and proper balance
  • Analyzing and improvising gait and posture
  • Training for self sufficiency
  • Techniques involving manual therapy
  • Instructions to execute home exercises
  • Control and management of pain
  • Enhancing flexibility
  • Minimizing the risk for post operative pulmonary complications (PCCs)